What was Louis Sullivan famous phrase?
form follows function
Along with Wright and Henry Hobson Richardson, Sullivan is one of “the recognized trinity of American architecture”. The phrase “form follows function” is attributed to him, although he credited the concept to ancient Roman architect Vitruvius.
What was Louis Sullivan’s basic architectural philosophy?
Sullivan had a sense of design with the amalgamation of nature with science and technology. One of his famous dicta is ‘Form follows function. ‘ This approach became a revolutionary idea for the time. Louis Sullivan believed that new architecture demanded new traditions.
Why did Louis Sullivan fire?
Between Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan, a close teacher-disciple relationship ensued, which was broken in 1893 when Sullivan fired Wright after learning that he had been taking personal work in secret.
Who said form follows function?
As a young architect Frank Lloyd Wright worked for Louis Sullivan (1856–1924) in his Chicago-based architecture firm. Sullivan is known for steel-frame constructions, considered some of the earliest skyscrapers. Sullivan’s famous axiom, “form follows function,” became the touchstone for many architects.
What is Louis Sullivan best known for?
Louis Sullivan, in full Louis Henry Sullivan, (born September 3, 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.—died April 14, 1924, Chicago, Illinois), American architect, regarded as the spiritual father of modern American architecture and identified with the aesthetics of early skyscraper design.
What did Louis Sullivan’s designs emphasize?
Sullivan was known for the high quality of his decoration, which he used to emphasize the structure of buildings and unify disparate components rather than to distract from structure.
What did Louis Sullivan believe in?
Rather, he believed that architecture must evolve from and express the environment in addition to expressing its particular function and its structural basis. It has been said that Sullivan was the first American architect to think consciously of the relationship between architecture and civilization.
What problem did Louis Sullivan solve?
While both approaches resulted in the creation of some handsome buildings, they remained unacceptable in that they forced the use of architectural styles and ornament on buildings for which they were never intended. Louis Sullivan solved the problem by treating the building like a column.
Who said function should always dictate form?
architect Louis Sullivan
The architect Louis Sullivan coined the maxim, although it is often incorrectly attributed to the sculptor Horatio Greenough (1805–1852), whose thinking mostly predates the later functionalist approach to architecture. Greenough’s writings were for a long time largely forgotten, and were rediscovered only in the 1930s.
Why is form follows function wrong?
The reason for this may be that due to the under-represented form, it is not clear how well and in which way the product will work. There is also the possibility that the bad looking product triggers negative emotions of the user or he believes that the interaction with the product will not be fun.
Was Louis Sullivan an Art Nouveau?
He used twisting, organic motifs on terracotta facades and in ironwork, pioneering Art Nouveau in the United States. Sullivan drew from earlier precedents. He reconceived the classical column as a basis for a skyscraper and created Romanesque portals that elevated commercial buildings.
What inspired Louis Sullivan?
In 1871, Sullivan’s grandmother died and his grandfather left for Philadelphia, leaving the teenager to live with neighbors in Boston for the next two years. He encouraged Sullivan to leave high school and enroll to study architecture at MIT.
Who was Louis Sullivan and what did he do?
He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright. Sullivan is accredited for developing the aesthetics and dynamics for the first skyscraper.
What does Louis Sullivan say about an open mind?
If with open mind one reads and observes industriously and long; if in so doing one covers a wide field and so covering reflects in terms of realism, he is likely, soon or late, to be brought to a sudden consciousness that Man is an unknown quantity and his existence unsuspected. Louis Sullivan
What did Louis Sullivan say about freedom of spirit?
Alas, the world has never known a sound social fabric, a fabric sound and clean to the core and kindly. For it has ever turned its back on Man. Louis Sullivan Implicit in true freedom of spirit lies a proud and virile will. Such glorious power of free will to choose, envisages beneficent social responsibility as manifest and welcome. Louis Sullivan
What did Louis Sullivan mean by the term critical eye?
Once you learn to look at architecture not merely as an art more or less well or more or less badly done, but as a social manifestation, the critical eye becomes clairvoyant. Louis Sullivan It was the spirit animating the mass and flowing from it, and it expressed the individuality of the building. Louis Sullivan