What is mesenchymal dysplasia?

What is mesenchymal dysplasia?

Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare, benign condition that is characterized by enlargement of the placenta with multiple bunches of grape-like vesicles that can resemble a molar pregnancy by ultrasound and gross pathologic examination.

What causes placental mesenchymal dysplasia?

Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare benign condition with unknown underlying cause. It has been some theories that PMD is a congenital malformation of the mesoderm due to mesenchymal hyperplasia in stem villi.

How common is placental mesenchymal dysplasia?

Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD), also known as pseudo-partial mole, is a rare disorder with approximately 51 cases reported worldwide.

Why does Circumvallate placenta occur?

Circumvallate placenta is a rare condition that occurs when the amnion and chorion fetal membranes of the placenta fold backward around the edges of the placenta. Sometimes, a doctor may discover a circumvallate placenta using an ultrasound.

What is Placentomegaly?

Placentomegaly is a term applied to an abnormally-enlarged placenta.

What is PMD in pregnancy?

Introduction. placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare placental anomaly characterized by placentomegaly and grape-like vesicles which resemble molar pregnancy.

What is Accreta?

Placenta accreta is a serious pregnancy condition that occurs when the placenta grows too deeply into the uterine wall. Typically, the placenta detaches from the uterine wall after childbirth. With placenta accreta, part or all of the placenta remains attached. This can cause severe blood loss after delivery.

Can you have a healthy baby with circumvallate placenta?

Circumvallate placenta increases your risk of certain pregnancy complications, including: Low birth weight. Restricted growth of the fetus is the most common complication of circumvallate placenta. It’s common for babies who have had a circumvallate placenta to have a low birth weight.

What is the definition of circumvallate placenta?

Circumvallate placenta refers to a variation in placental morphology in which, as a result of a small chorionic plate, the amnion and chorion fetal membranes ‘double back’ around the edge of the placenta.

What causes Placentomegaly?

It has been associated with normal fetal outcome, polyhydramnios, fetal hydrops, diabetes, partial mole and even fetal growth restriction as in placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD).

Can I have another baby after placenta accreta?

Successful conservative treatment for placenta accreta does not appear to compromise the patients’ subsequent fertility or obstetric outcome. Nevertheless, these women should be advised of the high risk that placenta accreta may recur during future pregnancies.