What are the 4 main types of carbon-based molecules?

What are the 4 main types of carbon-based molecules?

Four main types of carbon-based molecules are found in living things.

  • Carbohydrates.
  • Lipids.
  • Protein.
  • Nucleic acid.

What are the 4 based molecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), and each is an important component of the cell and performs a wide array of functions.

What are the complex carbon-based molecules?

Living things contain four major types of carbon-based molecules. The organic molecules found in living things are classified into four major groups—carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. You may already be familiar with these types of molecules and their functions in living things.

What are the 4 carbon-based macro biomolecules?

There are 4 major biological macromolecules: proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Each of these four has their own unique chemical structure and their own specific function within living organisms.

What are the 3 fundamental structures of carbon?

As FIGURE 3.1 shows, carbon-based molecules have three fundamental structures—straight chains, branched chains, and rings.

What is the most important molecule?

Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. It’s probably your body’s most famous molecule, and rightfully so. It’s the one that tells yourselves what proteins to make, as well as how and where.

What are the 2 main types of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are naturally occurring chemical compounds that serve as the primary information-carrying molecules in cells. They play an especially important role in directing protein synthesis. The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).

Why carbon is a unique element?

Carbon atoms are unique because they can bond together to form very long, durable chains that can have branches or rings of various sizes and often contain thousands of carbon atoms. Carbon atoms also bond strongly to other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and can be arranged in many different ways.

What are the four major biomolecules?

Biomolecule, also called biological molecule, any of numerous substances that are produced by cells and living organisms. Biomolecules have a wide range of sizes and structures and perform a vast array of functions. The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

How are the different types of biomolecules related?

Therefore, each functional group of biomolecule has a specific role in cell metabolism. Functional groups of different types of biomolecules are specific groups (moieties) of atoms within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

What kind of biomolecule contains carboxyl functional groups?

Biological macromolecules containing carboxyl groups are often highly polar and reactive. Common biomolecules, containing the carboxyl functional groups, are fatty acids and amino acids.

How are the functional groups of carboxylic acids polar?

A carboxyl functional functional group of carboxylic acids contains both a carbonyl functional group and a hydroxyl functional group, bonded to the same carbon atom. Biological macromolecules containing carboxyl groups are often highly polar and reactive.

How are monomers related to macromolecules in polymers?

The monomers combine with each other using covalent bonds to form larger macromolecules known as polymers. Polymers can be divided into two groups: synthetic polymers.