Where is Valley fever endemic found normally?

Where is Valley fever endemic found normally?

Anyone who lives in or travels to the southwestern United States (Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, or Utah), or parts of Mexico or Central or South America can get Valley fever. Valley fever can affect people of any age, but it’s most common in adults aged 60 and older.

Is Valley fever endemic or epidemic?

Approximate areas with Valley fever fungus These maps show the approximate areas where we know or suspect the fungus that causes Valley fever lives. These are considered endemic areas for Coccidioides, the fungus that causes Valley fever.

Where are you most likely to catch Valley fever?

Valley fever is caused by a person inhaling spores of certain fungi. The fungi that cause valley fever ā€” Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii ā€” live in the soil in parts of Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, California, Texas and Washington.

Where did Rift Valley fever?

The virus was first identified in 1931 during an investigation into an epidemic among sheep on a farm in the Rift Valley of Kenya. Since then, outbreaks have been reported in sub-Saharan Africa.

Does Valley Fever ever leave your body?

For many people, the symptoms of Valley fever will go away within a few months without any treatment. Healthcare providers choose to prescribe antifungal medication for some people to try to reduce the severity of symptoms or prevent the infection from getting worse.

What is the mortality rate of valley fever?

Although morbidity is substantial in coccidioidomycosis, mortality is very low; the mortality rate is approximately 0.07%.

Do Valley Fever nodules go away?

Most people struck with Valley Fever recover on their own. Some patients, like Pierce, develop lung nodules, which are small patches of infection in the lungs that can be mistaken for lung cancer. For Pierce, antifungal medications taken for a year helped him recover from the infection.

Is Rift Valley fever a virus?

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a viral disease most commonly seen in domesticated animals in sub-Saharan Africa, such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels.

How many people have died from Rift Valley fever?

Following small sporadic outbreaks of Rift Valley fever in 2008-2009, a widespread epidemic occurred in 2010 and 2011 in South Africa. More than 250 human cases occurred, including 25 deaths, and more 14,000 animal cases, with 8,000 deaths, occurring in animals.