What happened on the island of Kronstadt?
The Kronstadt rebellion was an anti-Bolshevik uprising carried out by soldiers and sailors on the island fortress of Kronstadt, a few miles off the coast of Petrograd, in early 1921. The rebellion was a protest against Bolshevik economic policies, food shortages, political oppression and violence.
Why were the Kronstadt sailors frustrated by the Bolshevik party rule?
Despite participating in major conflicts alongside the Bolsheviks and being among the most active troops in government service, sailors from the outset were wary of the possibility of centralization of power and the rise of dictatorship. The composition of the naval base, however, had changed during the civil war.
What is the Kronstadt rebellion in Animal Farm?
Kronstadt rebellion: Soviet sailors in Kronstadt rebelled against Trotsky; they were brutally repressed. Stalin’s emphasis on agriculture: Stalin thought agricultural policy was more important. The secret police drove Trotsky abroad, eventually killing him with an ax in Mexico City in 1940.
What is the meaning of Kronstadt?
Kronstadt (Russian: Кроншта́дт, romanized: Kronštádt [krɐnˈʂtat]), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (from German: Krone for “crown” and Stadt for “city”; Estonian: Kroonlinn) is a Russian port city in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, located on Kotlin Island, 30 kilometres …
Why is Kronstadt a German name?
Kronstadt was founded on the 7th of May, 1704 (or 18th of May back when Russia was using the Julian calendar) of May, 1704 as the central part of fortifications built on the Gulf of Finland during the Northern war (between Russia and Sweden). The name comes from two German words — “Krone” (crown) and “Stadt” (city).
What was on party unity?
Consequently, the 10th Party Congress passed a Resolution On Party Unity, a ban on factions to eliminate factionalism within the party in 1921. Under the present conditions (apparently, the ongoing Kronstadt rebellion), party unity was more necessary than ever.
What was the impact of the Kronstadt rebellion?
But the thunder of its guns, by Lenin’s expression, forced the ruling Communist Party to “think again.” The Kronstadt Uprising forced the Communists to renounce their own economic policy, that is, the very Communism for which they supposedly carried out the October Revolution, spilled seas of blood, and destroyed …
Who was in charge of the Cheka?
The Cheka was the Bolshevik security force or secret police. It was formed by Vladimir Lenin in a December 1917 decree and charged with identifying and dealing with potential counter-revolutionaries. 2. The Cheka was headed by Feliz Dzerzhinsky, a Bolshevik of Polish extraction.
What is meant by democratic centralism?
Democratic centralism is a practice in which political decisions reached by voting processes are binding upon all members of the political party.