What does neurofibromatosis type 1 look like?
Symptoms of neurofibromatosis type 1 birthmarks known as café au lait spots, which are light or dark brown patches that can be anywhere on the body. soft, non-cancerous tumours on or under the skin (neurofibromas) clusters of freckles in unusual places – such as the armpits, groin and under the breast.
How is neurofibromatosis type 1 diagnosed?
Neurofibromatosis type 1 can usually be identified with a physical exam, in which your doctor looks for signs of the condition such as light-brown café-au-lait spots or tumors on the skin.
What are the signs and symptoms of neurofibromatosis type 1?
- Flat, light brown spots on the skin (cafe au lait spots).
- Freckling in the armpits or groin area.
- Tiny bumps on the iris of the eye (Lisch nodules).
- Soft, pea-sized bumps on or under the skin (neurofibromas).
- Bone deformities.
- Tumor on the optic nerve (optic glioma).
- Learning disabilities.
Can neurofibromatosis type 1 be cured?
While there is currently no cure for NF1, there are clinical trials available at the Johns Hopkins Comprehensive Neurofibromatosis (NF) Center.
What is the life expectancy of someone with neurofibromatosis type 1?
If there are no complications, the life expectancy of people with NF is almost normal. With the right education, people with NF can live a normal life. Although mental impairment is generally mild, NF1 is a known cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
What is neurofibroma?
Neurofibromas are benign (noncancerous) tumors that grow on nerves in the body. Most neurofibromas occur in association with a genetic disorder. Solitary neurofibromas can also occur in otherwise healthy people; these are called sporadic neurofibromas.
How do you get rid of NF1 bumps?
There is no known treatment or cure for neurofibromatosis or schwannomatosis. Medication can be prescribed to help with pain. In some cases, growths may be removed surgically or reduced with radiation therapy.
How do you treat neurofibroma?
What are the symptoms of neurofibromatosis type 1 ( NF1 )?
The most common symptoms of NF1 are: Six or more light brown skin spots (café au lait spots) Freckles in unusual places, such as under the arms and in the groin. Colored bumps on the iris (Lisch nodules) Neurofibromas.
What are some of the side effects of NF1?
Other manifestations of NF1 may include: ADHD / Learning disabilities (occur in 75% of patients with NF1) Macrocephaly (abnormally large head circumference) Headache. Hearing loss. High blood pressure.
When do you know if your child has NF1?
The symptoms of NF1 are often present at birth or shortly after, and almost always are present by age 10 years. For children to be diagnosed with NF1, they must show at least two of the above symptoms.
What are the symptoms of plexiform neurofibroma type 1?
Plexiform neurofibromas sometimes occur on the skin but may also develop on larger nerves deeper in the body. They may sometimes cause symptoms including pain, weakness, numbness, bleeding, or bladder or bowel changes. Some children with NF1 develop learning and behavioural problems. It’s unclear why this happens.