What are the two types of fats?
The four types have different chemical structures and physical properties. The bad fats, saturated and trans fats, tend to be more solid at room temperature (like a stick of butter), while monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats tend to be more liquid (like liquid vegetable oil).
What are the two main parts of a fat?
Fats and oils A fat molecule consists of two kinds of parts: a glycerol backbone and three fatty acid tails. Glycerol is a small organic molecule with three hydroxyl (OH) groups, while a fatty acid consists of a long hydrocarbon chain attached to a carboxyl group.
What are the major types of fat?
There are four types of fats: saturated, monounsaturated, trans and polyunsaturated.
Which type of fat is bad?
The ‘Bad’ Fats in Your Diet There are two types of fat that should be eaten sparingly: saturated and trans fatty acids. Both can raise cholesterol levels, clog arteries, and increase the risk for heart disease.
What are the 6 functions of fat?
The Functions of Fats in the Body
- Storing Energy.
- Insulating and Protecting.
- Regulating and Signaling.
- Aiding Absorption and Increasing Bioavailability.
- Contributing to the Smell, Taste, and Satiety of Foods.
- Providing Essential Fatty Acids.
How can you tell the difference between the two main types of fats?
Unsaturated fats are typically liquid at room temperature. They differ from saturated fats in that their chemical structure contains one or more double bonds. Monounsaturated fats: This type of unsaturated fat contains only one double bond in its structure.
What is the scientific name of fat?
Fats are a stored form of energy and are also known as triacylglycerols or triglycerides. Fats are made up of fatty acids and either glycerol or sphingosine.
What is the main role of fat?
The body uses fat as a fuel source, and fat is the major storage form of energy in the body. Fat also has many other important functions in the body, and a moderate amount is needed in the diet for good health. Fats in food come in several forms, including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated.
What is good fat called?
“Good” unsaturated fats — Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats — lower disease risk. Foods high in good fats include vegetable oils (such as olive, canola, sunflower, soy, and corn), nuts, seeds, and fish.
What foods have lots of fat?
Beef, pork, lamb, turkey, and chicken can also have a lot of fat, although that can be reduced if you trim off visible fat before preparing and serving them. Also, instead of serving them fried or with extra breading—which will increase the fat content of the meal—serve them broiled, grilled, boiled,…
What are the worst fats?
The worst types of fats are hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated fats. These are most likely to boost cholesterol levels if regularly consumed. The chemical process that causes hydrogenation has been linked to heart disease and to other illnesses. The best is monounsaturated fat , like canola or olive oil.
What are the bad types of fat?
Trans fats are the most unhealthy type of fat, as they increase low-density lipoprotein, or bad cholesterol, while decreasing your high-density lipoprotein, or good cholesterol. This increases your risk for heart disease.
What are the three categories of fat?
There are three major types of fat: saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, each made up of units known as fatty acids.