How do you write et al in a research paper?
In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.
How do you use et al correctly?
List only the first author’s name followed by et al. in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.
What is the full form of et al?
“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al. (2019) argue that …
How is et al pronounce?
“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.
How do you address et al?
The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others.
How do you end a sentence with AM?
Yes. A sentence must start with a capital letter, and end with a period, question mark, or exclamation mark. If you follow the mainly British style of omitting periods from am and pm, then the sentence will look like this: I went to bed last night at 11:00 pm.
How do you end a sentence with et al?
6 Answers. Since “et al.” is an abbreviation of the latin et alii meaning “and others” the period in “et al.” should be treated as periods in any other abbreviation such as “cf.”, “Op.
How do you pluralize et al?
“et al.” is generally used for papers with more than two authors. (Note that “et al.” makes the subject plural if the authors are the subject of the sentence rather than the paper, so it is “Smith et al.
What is the correct punctuation for et al?
Punctuation. The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period. This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al.