Does hemoglobin electrophoresis test for beta thalassemia?

Does hemoglobin electrophoresis test for beta thalassemia?

If thalassemia is still suspected, a hemoglobin electrophoresis may help diagnose the condition. The hemoglobin electrophoresis with beta thalassemia trait usually has reduced or absent HbA, elevated levels of HbA2, and increased HbF.

Why is HbA2 increased in beta thalassemia?

Hb A2 is increased in beta thalassemia because the relative lack of beta globin allows more delta chains to be incorporated into hemoglobin. Beta thalassemia is caused by mutations in the beta globin gene locus on chromosome 11.

How do you diagnose beta thalassemia?

Most states do not routinely test for thalassemia. Physicians will take a blood sample from individuals suspected of having beta thalassemia. Several different tests can be performed on a single blood sample. Individuals suspected of having beta thalassemia will undergo blood tests such as a complete blood count (CBC).

How does beta thalassemia affect hemoglobin?

Beta thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the production of hemoglobin . Hemoglobin is the iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells throughout the body. In people with beta thalassemia, low levels of hemoglobin lead to a lack of oxygen in many parts of the body.

When do you order hemoglobin electrophoresis?

To diagnose blood disorders: Your doctor may have you do a hemoglobin electrophoresis test if you’re showing symptoms of anemia. The test will help them find any abnormal types of hemoglobin in your blood. These could be a sign of disorders including: sickle cell anemia.

Is beta thalassemia fatal?

Beta thalassemia major causes major problems and can result in early death. Complications may include delayed growth, bone problems causing facial changes, liver and gall bladder problems, enlarged spleen, enlarged kidneys, diabetes, hypothyroidism, and heart problems.

What is Hemoglobin A2 normal range?


Hemoglobin A1: 96.5%–98.5% of total hemoglobin or 0.96–0.985 mass fraction
Hemoglobin A2: 1.5%–3.5% of total hemoglobin or 0.015–0.035 mass fraction
Hemoglobin F: 0%–1% of total hemoglobin or 0–0.01 mass fraction
Abnormal hemoglobin types: None

What is a beta Thal trait?

Beta thal trait, sometimes called beta thalassemia minor, is a mild form of beta thalassemia. In beta thalassemia trait, there is enough beta globin for normal health. Your baby may have a slightly lower hemoglobin (anemia).

What is thalassemia trait?

Thalassemia Trait. Thalassemia is a genetic disease. This means that a person can only get thalassemia disease or trait by inheriting the genes for thalassemia from their parents. Genes determine what we look like, such as hair color, and are also responsible for many diseases.

What is the difference between thalassemia minor and major?

Thalassemia minor is a mild form of the disease in which the patient inherits only one mutated gene and act as a carrier. Thalassemia major is a severe form of the disease that can cause serious illness. Thalassemia is a group of genetic blood disorders that is characterized by destruction of red blood cells and hemoglobin higher than normal.