Who is Mausoleum named after?
The word “Mausoleum” comes from Governor Mausole, the king of Caria, who lived in the 4th century BC and who, on his death, received a fantastic tomb from his wife Artemis II. joined him in the grave two years after the death of her husband.
Where is the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus?
Heading to Bodrum, Turkey, visiting the remains of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, built of Marble structure forming the massive tomb built for Mausolus, 350 BCE, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, The ruler of Caria, lies in the southwestern corner of Asia Minor.
What is inside the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus?
The whole structure sat in an enclosed courtyard. At the center of the courtyard was a stone platform on which the tomb sat. A stairway flanked by stone lions led to the top of the platform, which bore along its outer walls many statues of gods and goddesses.
What was the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus built for?
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (Bodrum, Turkey), was a massive tomb built for Mausolus, the ruler of Caria, c. 350 BCE.
What happened to the the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus?
Ruins of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Bodrum, Turkey. The Mausoleum was probably destroyed by an earthquake between the 11th and the 15th century ce, and the stones were reused in local buildings.
When was the mausoleum of Halicarnassus built?
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Halicarnassus also spelled Halikarnassos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The monument was the tomb of Mausolus, ruler of Caria, in southwestern Asia Minor. It was built in his capital city, Halicarnassus, between about 353 and 351 bce by his sister and widow, Artemisia II.
Where was Halicarnassus located on the Greek coast?
Mausolus, although descended from local people, spoke Greek and admired the Greek way of life and government. He founded many cities of Greek design along the coast and encouraged Greek democratic traditions. Halicarnassus was the capitol of Caria located in present day Bodrum, Turkey.
When was the tomb of Mausolus built in Caria?
The monument was the tomb of Mausolus, ruler of Caria, in southwestern Asia Minor. It was built in his capital city, Halicarnassus, between about 353 and 351 bce by his sister and widow, Artemisia II.
Who was the ruler of Halicarnassus in the 4th century?
376–353 BC. In the 4th century BC, Halicarnassus was the capital of a small regional kingdom of Caria within the Achaemenid Empire on the western coast of Asia Minor . In 377 BC, the nominal ruler of the region, Hecatomnus of Milas, died and left the control of the kingdom to his son, Mausolus.