Where does the hornbeam tree come from?
Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the family Betulaceae (birch) and the flowering plant genus Carpinus. The 30–40 species of hornbeam occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest number of species in East Asia, particularly China.
Are hornbeam trees messy?
The American hornbeam is mostly known as being a very attractive landscape tree. It isn’t particularly messy, it has beautifully colored bark all year round, its leaves provide an ever change kaleidoscope of color, and it is a lovely shape as well.
How tall does a hornbeam tree get?
20 to 40 feet tall
Tree size: 20 to 40 feet tall, 20 to 30 feet wide. Growth rate is slow, about 1 foot a year.
What are hornbeam trees?
Hornbeam trees make wonderful stately ornamental trees in rural and urban settings, with the deciduous autumn-coloured leaves often holding on as a feature through winter. The dense foliage provides a refuge for wildlife and makes Hornbeam trees suited to screening, hedging and avenue planting.
What was hornbeam used for?
The hornbeam gets its name from the strength of its timber – horn meaning hard, and beam being the old English word for tree. Historically these trees were Britain’s most prized source of hardwood, used to make tools, coach wheels and gear pegs in traditional windmills.
Where do hornbeams grow?
Hornbeam growing conditions are found in all but the southernmost tips of the U.S., from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. They grow in sun or shade and prefer organically rich soil.
What is hornbeam good for?
Hornbeam timber is a pale, creamy white with a flecked grain. It is extremely hard; in fact it has the hardest wood of any tree in Europe. Nowadays, it’s mainly used for furniture, flooring and wood turning, but traditionally the wood was made into ox yokes which were used to join a team of ploughing oxen together.
How fast do hornbeam grow?
Hornbeams have a moderately slow growth rate reaching 6m high and 4m across in 10 years, 11m x 6m in 20 years and 25m x 20m when fully grown. Young trees are pyramidal in shape, becoming rounded as they mature. They grow in full sun or partial shade and can tolerate any aspect or soil.
What are hornbeam trees used for?
For general carpentry, hornbeam is rarely used, partly due to the difficulty of working it. The wood is used to construct carving boards, tool handles, handplane soles, coach wheels, piano actions, shoe lasts, and other products where a very tough, hard wood is required.
Do hornbeam trees have flowers?
The hornbeam flowers in the months of April to May. As a monoecious plant, the male and female flowers of hornbeam always appear on a plant. The inconspicuous flowers appear with the leaves and have no perianth. Male kittens are about six inches long and yellowish-green.
Are hornbeam leaves poisonous?
Carpinus betulus has no toxic effects reported.
How big do hornbeam trees grow?
A hornbeam you after planting to grow to the desired height is reached. How tall does a hornbeam tree grow? It can grow up to 30 feet (9 m .) tall in the open but in a shady or protected location it isn’t likely to exceed 20 feet (6 m .).
What is botanical name for hornbeam?
The American hornbeam is also occasionally known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, the first from the resemblance of the bark to that of the American beech Fagus grandifolia, the other two from the hardness of the wood and the muscular appearance of the trunk, respectively. The botanic name for the genus, Carpinus,…
What is a hornbeam hedge?
Hornbeam Hedging ( Carpinus) is a similar hedge type to Beech and keeps its (brown) leaves over the winter if grown as a hedge. It can grow in a wide range of soils from dry fertile soils to heavy clay soil.