What is the LEL of pentane?

What is the LEL of pentane?

Lower and Upper Explosive Limits

Pentane 1.4 7.8
Picoline 1.4
Propane 2.1 9.5
Propylene 2.4 11

How is LEL correction factor calculated?

To obtain Correction Factors for other span gases, simply divide the value on the methane scale in the table by the methane value for the span compound. For example, to obtain CFs on the n-pentane scale, divide all the numbers in the table’s LEL CF column by 2.1.

How do you use the LEL correction factor?

In our LEL sensors, Correction Factors can be used in one of three ways: 1. Calibrate the unit with Methane in the usual fashion to read in methane %LEL equivalents. Manually multiply the reading by the Correction Factor (CF) to obtain the %LEL of the gas being measured.

Can LEL meter detect hydrogen?

Some IR LEL sensors will not detect several combustible gases, including (but not limited to) acetylene, hydrogen, and carbon disulfide. CB LEL sensors detect combustible gas by burning it. With low levels of oxygen, combustion is incomplete or impossible.

What is the difference between methane and pentane?

Methane and pentane are specific types of chain compounds called hydrocarbons, meaning they consist of only carbon and hydrogen. However, methane and pentane differ in the number of carbon bonds they have. Methane is the simplest alkane, only containing one carbon bond, while pentane has five carbon bonds.

Why is pentane used as a calibration gas?

Sometimes, if you use pentane LEL to calibrate, it will poison the system, and it won’t respond to Methane if there are methane fuels or a natural gas leak. Pentane’s correction factors are lower than those of Methane, so pentane calibration is more accurate than other calibrations for a wide range of flammable gases.

What is pentane gas used for?

In addition to being a component of natural gas, pentane has numerous industrial uses. Primarily, pentane is used to create a blowing agent which is then used to create a foam known as polystyrene. Polystyrene is used to make insulation materials for refrigerators and heating pipes.

How do you detect pentane?

Even if pentane can be detected through its smell, only a C5H12 gas detector can accurately measure concentrations of this gas in the air. As it can explode, it is advised to use pentane detection devices monitoring expositivity levels (percentage of the lower explosive limit).

What is a safe LEL reading?

If a gas concentration is below its LEL, it cannot ignite, and the confined space is considered safe. If the gas concentration is above its UEL, the gas is too rich and there’s not enough oxygen for combustion. Methane, for example, has an LEL of 5% vol and a UEL of 15% vol.

What is an LEL detector?

An LEL Detector or LEL Meter detects dangerous levels of a combustible gas or solvent vapor in air, expressed in percent Lower Explosive Limit, or LEL. An LEL Detector is an integral part of a complete gas detection system and can be referred to as a Gas Detector or just a fixed gas detection system.

How are the correlation factors in LEL used?

1. The correlation factors in the table are averaged results for estimation use only. It’s not recommended for analytical application with high accuracy expectation. 2. The correlation factors may vary from sensor to sensor with tolerance of +/- 25% for new sensors.

Why is LEL correlation important for methane detection?

2) Correlation factors for CB LEL sensors may change over time as the sensor ages. This is particularly important for methane detection when calibrating with a gas other than methane. Periodic exposure of a known concentration of methane gas to pentane-calibrated sensors is recommended to validate performance.

How are LEL correlation factors used in gas sensors?

(Please note that this article refers to LEL IR sensors, not gas-specific sensors like methane IR. LEL IR sensors are sometimes called Hydrocarbon IR sensors.) Correlation factors are used to translate instrument readings from the units of the calibration gas to the units of a second desired gas.

How do you calculate the correction factor for methane?

Manually multiply the reading by the Correction Factor (CF) to obtain the %LEL of the gas being measured. Calibrate the unit with Methane and then call up the Correction Factor from the instrument memory or choose the Correction Factor from the instrument memory first and then calibrate to methane.