What is the Karelian isthmus?

What is the Karelian isthmus?

The Karelian Isthmus (Russian: Карельский перешеек, romanized: Karelsky peresheyek; Finnish: Karjalankannas; Swedish: Karelska näset) is the approximately 45–110-kilometre-wide (30–70 mi) stretch of land, situated between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga in northwestern Russia, to the north of the River Neva.

What language do they speak in Karelia?

Karelian (karjala, karjal or kariela) is a Finnic language spoken mainly in the Russian Republic of Karelia….Karelian language.

Region Republic of Karelia, Tver Oblast (Tver Karelia)
Ethnicity Karelians
Native speakers (36,000 cited 1994–2010)
Language family Uralic Finnic Northern Finnic Karelian

Is Karelia Russian or Finnish?

Karelia, Russian Kareliya, Finnish Karjala, respublika (republic), far northwestern Russia. It is bordered to the north by Nenets, to the east by the White Sea, to the south by Lake Ladoga, and to the west by Finland.

When did Russia take over Karelia?

Unable to secure help from Britain and France, the exhausted Finns made peace (the Treaty of Moscow) on Soviet terms on March 12, 1940, agreeing to the cession of western Karelia and to the construction of a Soviet naval base on the Hanko Peninsula.

What is Finland’s second language?

Finland/Official languages

Does Finland still claim Karelia?

According to a Finnish Foreign Ministry official, the fact that there are no Finns left in Karelia is one of the reasons why Helsinki has not officially raised the possibility of Karelia being returned.

Why did the USSR not take Finland?

Finland believed the Soviet Union wanted to expand into its territory and the Soviet Union feared Finland would allow itself to be used as a base from which enemies could attack. A faked border incident gave the Soviet Union the excuse to invade on 30 November 1939.

When did Finland split from Russia?

Finland declared independence on 6 December 1917, and the Bolshevik government that seized power in the October Revolution in Russia recognised Finnish independence on 31 December 1917.

Was ist die Republik Karelien in Russland?

Wappen der Republik Karelien in Russland. Karelien (karelisch und finnisch Karjala, russisch Карелия Karelija, schwedisch Karelen) ist eine historische Landschaft in Nordosteuropa. Heute ist sie zwischen Russland und Finnland geteilt.

Wie weit ist Karelien von Finnland entfernt?

Nach Osten hin begrenzen das Weiße Meer, der Onegasee, der Ladogasee und der finnische Meerbusen das Gebiet. Im Westen geht Karelien in die finnischen Landschaften Savo und Kainuu über. Die Gesamtfläche Kareliens beträgt ca. 200.000 km². Traditionell wird der russische Teil Kareliens in vier Gebiete untergliedert.

Welche Regionen umfasst die Republik Karelien?

Der russische Teil umfasst die Republik Karelien und reicht in die Leningrader Oblast hinein, der finnische Teil teilt sich in die Landschaften Südkarelien und Nordkarelien. Die vorherrschenden Ethnien Kareliens sind – je nach Region – Karelier, Finnen und Russen.