What is the interpeduncular fossa?
Interpeduncular fossa is a somewhat lozenge-shaped area of the base of the brain, limited in front by the optic chiasma, behind by the antero-superior surface of the pons, antero-laterally by the converging optic tracts, and postero-laterally by the diverging cerebral peduncles.
Is circle of Willis in interpeduncular fossa?
The circle of Willis is located on the inferior surface of the brain within the interpeduncular cistern of the subarachnoid space. It encircles various structures within the interpeduncular fossa (depression at the base of the brain) including the optic chiasm and infundibulum of the pituitary gland.
What is in mid brain?
The midbrain is the topmost part of the brainstem, the connection central between the brain and the spinal cord. There are three main parts of the midbrain – the colliculi, the tegmentum, and the cerebral peduncles.
What do cerebral peduncles contain?
The cerebral peduncles are the two stalks that attach the cerebrum to the brainstem. They are structures at the front of the midbrain which arise from the ventral pons and contain the large ascending (sensory) and descending (motor) nerve tracts that run to and from the cerebrum from the pons.
What does the superior colliculus do?
The superior colliculus (SC) is a midbrain area where visual, auditory and somatosensory information are integrated to initiate motor commands. The SC plays a central role in visual information processing in the mouse; it receives projections from 85% to 90% of the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs).
Where is the Pontomedullary junction located?
The term pontomedullary junction refers to the boundary of the pons and the medulla oblongata where the abducens nerve, the facial nerve and the vestibulocochlear nerve join the hindbrain.
What does the circle of Willis do?
The Circle of Willis is the joining area of several arteries at the bottom (inferior) side of the brain. At the Circle of Willis, the internal carotid arteries branch into smaller arteries that supply oxygenated blood to over 80% of the cerebrum.
What is the function of cerebellar peduncles?
A cerebellar peduncle is a nerve tract that permits communication between the cerebellum and the other parts of the central nervous system. Three pairs of cerebellar peduncles conduct this communication. The inferior peduncles bring sensory information about the actual position of body parts such as limbs and joints.
What is the difference between cerebral peduncles and cerebellar peduncles?
Cerebellar peduncles connect the cerebellum to the brain stem. There are six cerebellar peduncles in total, three on each side: Superior cerebellar peduncle is a paired structure of white matter that connects the cerebellum to the mid-brain….Cerebellar peduncle.
|Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy|