What is the difference between disparate treatment and disparate impact quizlet?
Disparate-Treatment occurs when an employer discriminates against a specific individual or employee because of that persons race, color, national origin, sex, or religion. Disparate-Impact occurs when an employer discriminates against an entire protected class through practices, procedures, or tests.
Are disparate impact and adverse impact the same?
Disparate impact and adverse impact, most of the time, are used interchangeably. This is because both are results of unintentional discriminatory practices. As a phenomenon, both are experienced by groups that should have been protected from discrimination.
How do you determine disparate impact?
To establish an adverse disparate impact, the investigating agency must (1) identify the specific policy or practice at issue; (2) establish adversity/harm; (3) establish significant disparity;  and (4) establish causation.
What is disparate treatment?
Disparate treatment is intentional employment discrimination. For example, testing a particular skill of only certain minority applicants is disparate treatment.
What does disparate impact stand for?
Disparate impact, also called adverse impact, judicial theory developed in the United States that allows challenges to employment or educational practices that are nondiscriminatory on their face but have a disproportionately negative effect on members of legally protected groups.
What are implications of disparate impact?
At its core, disparate impact is an effects-based approach for demonstrating how a practice or law disproportionately burdens a protected class of individuals. It allows a plaintiff or prosecutor to prove that a housing practice is discriminatory without strong evidence that the defendant intended to discriminate. Instead, the evidentiary
How do you prove disparate treatment?
To prove disparate treatment, the union must fully research the comparison employees, studying their personnel files, reviewing their investigatory interviews, and, most importantly, talking with them about what happened. (In many cases, these employees must be called to the stand).
What does disparate treatment stand for?
Disparate treatment, also known as adverse treatment, occurs when an employer treats an employee unfairly compared to other employees based on their personal characteristics, especially in regard to protected classes. Employees make disparate treatment claims when they believe that an employer has discriminated or retaliated against them.