What is the difference between descriptive and analytic epidemiologic studies?

What is the difference between descriptive and analytic epidemiologic studies?

Descriptive epidemiology deals with the basic data pertaining to the disease. It studies the time, place and person involved in the disease. Analytic epidemiology deals in finding causes for the particular condition by conducting experiments. This is the difference between descriptive and analytic epidemiology.

What are descriptive variables in epidemiology?

Overview. Descriptive epidemiology describes the outbreak in terms of person, place and time. “Person” refers to socio-demographic characteristics of cases and includes variables such as age, ethnicity, sex/gender, occupation, and socioeconomic status.

What are the three types of descriptive epidemiologic studies?

Three of the types of descriptive epidemiologic studies are in- dividual case reports, case series, and cross-sectional studies (e.g., a survey of a population). Case reports and case series are among the most basic types of descriptive studies.

What are the 3 main elements of descriptive epidemiology?

In descriptive epidemiology, we organize and summarize data according to time, place, and person. These three characteristics are sometimes called the epidemiologic variables.

What are the differences between descriptive and analytic studies?

Descriptive studies involve detailed investigations of individuals in order to improve knowledge of disease. Descriptive studies often have no prior hypotheses and are opportunistic studies of disease whereas analytical studies are used to test hypotheses by selection and comparison of groups.

What is a descriptive study?

A descriptive study is one in which information is collected without changing the environment (i.e., nothing is manipulated). Descriptive studies can involve a one-time interaction with groups of people ( cross-sectional study ) or a study might follow individuals over time ( longitudinal study ).

What is descriptive and analytical epidemiology?

Descriptive epidemiology refers to the area of epidemiology that focuses on describing disease distribution by characteristics relating to time, place, and people, while analytical epidemiology refers to the area of epidemiology, which measures the association between a particular exposure and a disease, using …

What is descriptive epidemiology and why is it important for public health?

Descriptive epidemiology provides a way of organizing and analyzing data on health and disease in order to understand variations in disease frequency geographically and over time and how disease varies among people based on a host of personal characteristics (person, place, and time).

Which of the following are uses of descriptive epidemiologic studies?

Specific tasks of descriptive epidemiology are the following:

  • Monitoring and reporting on the health status and health related behaviors in populations.
  • Identifying emerging health problems.
  • Alerting us to potential threats from bioterrorism.
  • Establishing public health priorities for a population.

What are the 5 W’s of descriptive epidemiology?

The difference is that epidemiologists tend to use synonyms for the 5 W’s: diagnosis or health event (what), person (who), place (where), time (when), and causes, risk factors, and modes of transmission (why/how).

What is descriptive epidemiology?

Descriptive epidemiology is defined as epidemiological studies and activities with descriptive components that are much stronger than their analytic components or that fall within the descriptive area of the descriptive-analytic spectrum.

What does epidemiologic research design mean?

U.S. National Library of Medicine (0.00 / 0 votes)Rate this definition: Epidemiologic Research Design. The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.

What is analytic epidemiology?

analytical epidemiology. The study of diseases that are distributed in a seemingly non-random fashion. EBM. The design, execution and analysis of studies in groups to evaluate potential associations between risk factors and health outcomes.

What is epidemiology in public health?

Public health epidemiology is the study of disease prevention and positive influences on health. Public health epidemiology includes the study of outbreaks of communicable diseases.