What is mitigation and adaptation in climate change?
Mitigation is an intervention to reduce the emissions sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases. Adaptation is an ‘adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities’ (IPCC 2001).
What is the impact of climate change on mitigation?
Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the …
What are 3 ways to mitigate the impact and effects of climate change?
Mitigation strategies include retrofitting buildings to make them more energy efficient; adopting renewable energy sources like solar, wind and small hydro; helping cities develop more sustainable transport such as bus rapid transit, electric vehicles, and biofuels; and promoting more sustainable uses of land and …
What are the adaptations of climate change?
Climate change adaptation refers to actions that reduce the negative impact of climate change, while taking advantage of potential new opportunities. Adaptation (responding to climate impacts) and mitigation (reducing GHG emissions) are necessary complements in addressing climate change.
Which is more important mitigation or adaptation?
In general the more mitigation there is, the less will be the impacts to which we will have to adjust, and the less the risks for which we will have to try and prepare. Conversely, the greater the degree of preparatory adaptation, the less may be the impacts associated with any given degree of climate change.
Can climate change be controlled?
Yes. While we cannot stop global warming overnight, or even over the next several decades, we can slow the rate and limit the amount of global warming by reducing human emissions of heat-trapping gases and soot (“black carbon”). Once this excess heat radiated out to space, Earth’s temperature would stabilize.
What are factors that affect climate?
There are lots of factors that influence our climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases.
- Prevailing global wind patterns.
- Effects of Geography.
- Surface of the Earth.
- Climate change over time.
What are the 4 factors that prompt adaptation?
Evolution is a consequence of the interaction of four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for an environment’s limited supply of the resources that individuals need in order to …