What is lacrimal drainage?

What is lacrimal drainage?

The lacrimal drainage system includes the upper and lower puncti and canaliculi, lacrimal (tear) sac and the nasolacrimal duct. The upper canaliculi merge, just before the lacrimal sac, to form the common canaliculus.

What is a lacrimal duct fistula?

A congenital lacrimal sac fistula is a lacrimal duct dysplasia in which epithelium from the lacrimal sac or the lacrimal duct is connected to the skin [1]. In most cases, the lesions are unilateral and located at the inferolateral to medial canthus. Most cases are asymptomatic and do not progress.

What causes lacrimal fistula?

Causation has not been established, but theories include incomplete closure of the embryonic fissure, inflammatory processes, or amniotic banding causing failure of the developing nasolacrimal drainage system to close properly, leaving a fistula. Lacrimal sac fistulas may be asymptomatic with spontaneous resolution.

What drains into the lacrimal sac?

The nasolacrimal duct (also called the tear duct) carries tears from the lacrimal sac of the eye into the nasal cavity. The duct begins in the eye socket between the maxillary and lacrimal bones, from where it passes downwards and backwards….

Nasolacrimal duct
TA98 A15.2.07.070
TA2 6859
FMA 9703
Anatomical terminology

How rare is a lacrimal fistula?

Congenital lacrimal fistulas are developmental, rudimentary, supernumerary lacrimal canaliculi connecting skin to common canaliculus or lacrimal sac. These fistulas are located inferonasally from the medial canthus and are unilateral, but bilateral cases have been reported. The incidence is 1 in 2000.

Why is there a hole in the inner corner of my eye?

The tiny hole at the inner corner of each eye leads to the lacrimal duct, which drains tears from your eye into your nose. When the duct becomes blocked, it can become inflamed or infected.

What is a fistula near the eye?

A carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) is an abnormal connection between an artery in your neck and the network of veins at the back of your eye. These veins at the back of your eye transport blood from your face and brain back to your heart and are located in small spaces behind your eyes called cavernous sinuses.

How do you get rid of swollen lacrimal glands?

In most cases, tear gland inflammation can be treated with the use of oral antibiotics prescribed by your NYC eye doctor. If you don’t begin to show major improvement in the first couple days, surgery may be necessary.

How do you drain a lacrimal gland?

In this procedure, the doctor threads a tiny tube through the holes, or puncta, in the corners of the eyes. The tube passes through each tear duct to the inside of the nose. The procedure takes about an hour. The tubes stay in place for three to six months to open up the ducts and let tears drain.

What nerve stimulates the lacrimal gland?

Nerve supply The lacrimal gland is innervated by the lacrimal nerve, which is the smallest branch of the ophthalmic nerve, itself a branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). After the lacrimal nerve branches from the ophthalmic nerve it receives a communicating branch from the zygomatic nerve.

What can be done about a congenital lacrimal fistula?

Management 1 General treatment. Many patients with congenital lacrimal fistulas are asymptomatic and are carefully observed, with intervention only if developing symptoms of tearing or mucous discharge. 2 General follow up. 3 Surgical treatment. 4 Surgical follow up. 5 Complications. 6 Prognosis.

What are the goals of fistula management in nursing?

Goals of nursing care for fistula management include (1) skin protection, (2) containment of effluent, (3) odor control, (3) patient comfort, (4) quantification of effluent output volume, (5) patient mobility, (6) ease of care, and (7) cost containment. Remember that WOCNCB certification measures entry-level knowledge.

How does a lacrimal fistula lead to epiphora?

Congenital lacrimal fistulas, also known as lacrimal anlage ducts, are supernumerary lacrimal canaliculi that connect the skin to the common canaliculus or the lacrimal sac (Figure 1). These rare developmental abnormalities often lead to epiphora.

Can a congenital lacrimal fistula cause eyelid dermatitis?

Eyelid dermatitis due to chronic epiphora has also been reported associated with congenital lacrimal fistulas. A patient will not typically have any systemic symptoms related to a lacrimal fistula. Affected patients are either asymptomatic or complain of either epiphora or mucoid discharge.