What iron levels indicate hemochromatosis?

What iron levels indicate hemochromatosis?

Serum ferritin levels elevated higher than 200 mcg/L in premenopausal women and 300 mcg/L in men and postmenopausal women indicate primary iron overload due to hemochromatosis, especially when associated with high transferrin saturation and evidence of liver disease.

What lab values indicate hemochromatosis?

The two key tests to detect iron overload are: Serum transferrin saturation. This test measures the amount of iron bound to a protein (transferrin) that carries iron in your blood. Transferrin saturation values greater than 45% are considered too high.

How do you read iron test results?

Low iron levels vary between individuals and depend on a person’s sex. A score below 26 mcg/dL is outside the normal range for women. For men, a low score is anything below 76 mcg/dL. An abnormally high iron level would be above 198 mcg/dL for men and over 170 mcg/dL for women.

What should ferritin level be with hemochromatosis?

A diagnosis of hereditary hemochromatosis should be considered in all patients with evidence of liver disease or abnormal iron study results. Serum ferritin levels should guide phlebotomy frequency, with a goal of 50 to 150 ng per mL (112.35 to 337.05 pmol per L).

What is normal blood iron level?

The normal range for men is 13.5 to 17.5g/dL. For women, the normal range is 12.0 to 15.5g/dL. African American men and women will have a normal range that varies by 0.7g/dL at the low end of the range. Does the Red Cross check my iron level before donating?

What should a woman’s iron level be?

The normal serum iron level for women is 60 mcg/dL to 140 mcg/dL. Total iron-binding capacity is 250 mcg/dL to 450 mcg/dL.

What should I eat if my ferritin is high?

The following foods are high in iron :

  • iron-fortified cereals and breads.
  • leafy green vegetables, such as kale, spinach, and watercress.
  • pulses and beans.
  • brown rice.
  • white or red meats.
  • nuts and seeds.
  • fish.
  • tofu.

What is the prognosis for hemochromatosis?

Prognosis of hemochromatosis. The degree of organ damage, especially in the liver, is decisive for a prognosis. Patients with severe liver tissue scarring (cirrhosis) and diabetes appear to have a shorter life expectancy. Otherwise life expectancy is normal.

How can hemochromatosis be diagnosed?

A blood test can be used to screen people who may have hemochromatosis by measuring how much iron is in their blood. Affected people with or without a known family history of hemochromatosis can be diagnosed through blood tests for iron followed by genetic testing if they are symptomatic or have complications.

Can you die from hemochromatosis?

Treatment may help prevent, delay, or sometimes reverse complications of the disease. Treatment also may lead to better quality of life. For people who are diagnosed and treated early, a normal lifespan is possible. If left untreated, hemochromatosis can lead to severe organ damage and even death.

What is the screening test for hemochromatosis?

A hemochromatosis test, also called an HFE test, analyzes a blood sample of a patient for a hereditary gene which causes hemochromatosis, a condition in which the body absorbs too much iron. Once iron builds up in the organs of the body, such as the liver or heart, problems can occur.