What did Alexei Stakhanov do?
In 1933, Stakhanov became a jackhammer operator. On 19 September, Stakhanov was reported to have set a new record by mining 227 tonnes of coal in a single shift. His example was held up in newspapers and posters as a model for others to follow, and he appeared on the cover of Time magazine in the United States.
Was leaving the Soviet Union illegal?
Emigration and any travel abroad were not allowed without an explicit permission from the government. People who were not allowed to leave the country and campaigned for their right to leave in the 1970s were known as “refuseniks”.
Which Cold War event occurred last?
border established between India and Pakistan after World War II. western boundary of Soviet domination in Europe during the Cold War. Which Cold War event occurred last? Cuban missile crisis.
What is a shock brigade?
An udarnik (Russian: уда́рник, IPA: [ʊˈdarnʲɪk]; English plural udarniks or udarniki), also known in English as a shock worker or strike worker (collectively known as shock brigades or a shock labour team) was a highly productive worker in the Soviet Union, the Eastern Bloc, and other communist countries.
What leader turned the Soviet Union into a superpower after WWII?
Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower.
Who was the Shock worker in the Soviet Union?
In the Soviet Union, the term was linked to Shock worker of Communist Labour ( Ударник коммунистического труда ), a Soviet honorary title, as well as Alexey Stakhanov and the movement named after him.
Where did the term shock workers come from?
Shock workers (udarniki), a term originating during the civil war to designate workers performing especially arduous or urgent tasks, reemerged and was applied to all workers and employees who fulfilled obligations over and above their planned quotas.
What was the thrust of shock work in 1929?
From 1929 onwards, shock work was linked invariably with socialist competitions. The thrust of socialist competition was the adoption by workers of targets over and above what was prescribed in their work plans and the issuing of challenges to others in the form of socialist competition agreements.
Who was the Polish version of the Stakhanovite movement?
Seen as the Polish version of the Stakhanovite movement, famous Polish workers given the title of przodownik pracy included Piotr Ożański and especially the “Polish Stakhanov” Wincenty Pstrowski, a miner who in 1947 achieved 270 percent expected efficiency per month.