What are the salient features of the Indian Councils Act of 1909?
It introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of a separate electorate’. Under this, the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus, the Act ‘legalised communalism’ and Lord Minto came to be known as the Father of Communal Electorate.
What are the features of Indian Council Act?
Main Features of Indian Council Act 1892
- A simultaneous examination of ICS to be held in England and India.
- Reforms of the legislative council and adoption of the principle of election in place of nomination.
- Opposition to the annexation of Upper Burma.
- Reduction in the Military expenditure.
What were the features of the Morley Minto reforms?
The reforms included the admission of Indians to the Secretary of State’s council, to the viceroy’s executive council, and to the executive councils of Bombay and Madras, and the introduction of an elected element into legislative councils with provision for separate electorates for Muslims.
Which of the following statements is true about the Indian Councils Act of 1909?
(1) Indian Councils Act, 1909 was popularly known as Minto Morley Reforms. (2) It increased the membership of non-officials in the Imperial and Provincial Legislative Councils. (3) It gave permission to council members to discuss budget, suggest amendments and even to vote on certain issues.
Which act is known as Black Bill?
the Rowlatt Act
These bills came to be known as “Black Bills”. They gave enormous powers to the police to search a place and arrest any person they disapproved of without warrant. Despite much opposition, the Rowlatt Act was passed on 18 March 1919. The purpose of the act was to curb the growing nationalist upsurge in the country.
Which act is known as Council Act?
The Indian Councils Act 1892
The Indian Councils Act 1892 was an Act of British Parliament that introduced various amendments to the composition and function of legislative councils in British India….Indian Councils Act 1892.
|Royal assent||20 June 1892|
|Commencement||3 February 1893|
|Repealed by||Government of India Act 1915|
When was Indian Council Act passed?
Indian Councils Act of 1909, also called Morley-Minto Reforms, series of reform measures enacted in 1909 by the British Parliament, the main component of which directly introduced the elective principle to membership in the imperial and local legislative councils in India.
What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909?
Muslims were allocated 8 seats, British capitalists 6 seats, landlords 2 seats and general electorate were allocated 13 seats out of total 27 non-official seats of total 68 seats in Imperial Legislative Council. 6) Muslims were also provided representation in excess to their strength.
Which act is called Minto Morley Reforms?
In the constitutional evolution of India, the Act of 1909 was a decided step and opened the door for real politics.
Who passed Rowlatt Act?
Rowlatt Acts, (February 1919), legislation passed by the Imperial Legislative Council, the legislature of British India. The acts allowed certain political cases to be tried without juries and permitted internment of suspects without trial.
What is the meaning of black act?
historical. A severe law of 1723 (9 Geo. I. c. 22) against poaching, trespassing, etc.
What was the main feature of Indian Council Act of 1909?
Indian Council Act of 1909 | Morley- Minto Reforms: Main Features. Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Minto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates (Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion.
Why was the Indian Council Act of 1909 named after Lord Minto?
Therefore, Lord Minto came to be known as Father of Communal Electorate in India. Morley-Minto Reform was another name of the Indian Council Act of 1909, which was named after the secretary of state and the Viceroy. It was instituted to placate the moderates.
Who was the Secretary of State for India in 1909?
It was more commonly called the Morley-Minto Reforms after the Secretary of State for India John Morley and the Viceroy of India, the 4 th Earl of Minto. This is an important topic in the NCERT notes for the UPSC Civil Services Exam.
Why did the Indian Council have non-official majorities?
In contrast to the official majority that the Centre of the Provincial legislatures had provisions for non-official majorities. This was done because of the understanding that the non-official members would represent such diverse interests and classes that it would be difficult for them to take a joint stand.