Is aniline hazardous?
Aniline is a highly toxic systemic poison that is absorbed well by inhalation and through the skin. Respiratory Protection: Positive-pressure, self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is recommended in response situations that involve exposure to potentially unsafe levels of aniline vapor.
What are the safety hazards associated with aniline?
a carcinogen. Aniline dye industry have a higher incidence of reproductive cycle disorders and abortion. ► High exposure may damage the liver. ► Aniline may cause anemia.
Is aniline a carcinogen?
Human cancer data are insufficient to conclude that aniline is a cause of bladder tumors while animal studies indicate that aniline causes tumors of the spleen. EPA has classified aniline as a Group B2, probable human carcinogen.
How do you handle aniline?
Handling: Use with mechanical ventilation only and do not breathe vapor. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, or clothing. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Respiratory use is forbidden, ineffective protection.
What are the uses of aniline?
Aniline is used in rubber accelerators and anti-oxidants, dyes and intermediates, photographic chemicals, as isocyanates for urethane foams, in pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum refining; and in production of diphenylamine, phenolics, herbicides and fungicides.
Why is aniline hazardous?
Vapors heavier than air. Toxic by skin absorption and inhalation. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used to manufacture other chemicals, especially dyes, photographic chemicals, agricultural chemicals and others.
What’s the meaning of aniline?
: an oily liquid poisonous amine C6H5NH2 obtained especially by the reduction of nitrobenzene and used chiefly in organic synthesis (as of dyes)
Where is aniline used?
How can you reduce the risk of exposure to aniline?
WAYS OF REDUCING EXPOSURE If local exhaust ventilation or enclosure is not used, respirators should be worn. * Wear protective work clothing. * Wash thoroughly immediately after exposure to Aniline Hydrochloride and at the end of the workshift.
How do you identify aniline?
Aniline is oily and, although colorless, it can be slowly oxidized and resinified in air to form impurities which can give it a red-brown tint. Its boiling point is 184 degree centigrade and its melting point is -6 degree centegrade. It is a liquid at room temperature.
How many milligrams of aniline are toxic to humans?
(1,2) Aniline has been classified as very toxic in humans, with a probable oral lethal dose in humans at 50 to 500 milligrams per kilogram body weight (mg/kg). (2) milligrams per kilogram body weight (mg/kg).
What are the risks of drinking water with aniline?
EPA estimates that, if an individual were to continuously ingest water containing aniline at an average of 6 µg/L over his or her entire lifetime, that person would theoretically have no more than a one-in-a-million increased chance of developing cancer as a direct result of drinking water containing this chemical.
What kind of cancer is caused by aniline?
Chronic exposure may also result in effects on the blood. Human cancer data are insufficient to conclude that aniline is a cause of bladder tumors while animal studies indicate that aniline causes tumors of the spleen. EPA has classified aniline as a Group B2, probable human carcinogen.
What kind of gas is aniline used for?
Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used to manufacture other chemicals, especially dyes, photographic chemicals, agricultural chemicals and others. Aniline is a clear to slightly yellow liquid with a characteristic odor.