How do you use Ibid example?
Use ibid. (no italics) to refer to the only work cited in the preceding note. It may or may not include a page number (Ibid., 43.). Ibid. is never used if the preceding note consists of more than one source. Do not use op.
Should you use Ibid?
Rule: If material from the same source is quoted in the next page or two, and there are no intervening quotations from other sources, “Ibid.” may be used in place of the standard reference. The page number should be included if the reference is from a different page than the previous reference.
Can you use Ibid twice in a row?
You can use ibid. for consecutive citations of a source. This means citing the same source twice or more in succession. Ibid. is fine by itself for citing the same page twice in a row, but you should provide a page number if you’re citing a different part of the text.
How many times in a row can you use Ibid?
If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead.
What does Ibid stand for?
in the same place
What does supra mean?
How do you et al?
List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.
Is there a comma after et al?
Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” A helpful table of this rule can be found in APA 7, Table 8.1.
How do you cite more than three authors?
In the citation, if a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase “et al.” Example citations: It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2011).