# How do you calculate link budget?

## How do you calculate link budget?

A simple link budget equation looks like this: Received power (dB) = transmitted power (dB) + gains (dB) ā losses (dB) Power gains and losses are usually expressed in decibels (dB), which is a logarithmic measurement, so adding decibels is equivalent to multiplying the actual power ratios.

What are the link budget parameters for satellite?

In satellite communication systems, there are two types of power calculations. Those are transmitting power and receiving power calculations. In general, these calculations are called as Link budget calculations. The unit of power is decibel.

What are the two methods of calculating the link budget?

There are two different ways to calculate link budget….Miscellaneous

• Link budget calculations give a very good set of estimates, eg.

### How do you calculate satellite SNR?

The value n = Pr / Pn is usually termed the signal to noise ratio or SNR (although an alternative definition of SNR is SNR = (Pr + Pn) / Pn ). We will use the first definition. SNR is often expressed in decibels. Thus n=2 implies SNR=3dB, n=10 implies SNR=10 dB and n=100 implies SNR=20dB.

LRX = the total system loss in dB at the receiver. PRX = the receive power in dBm. The level of received power in excess of that required for a specified minimum level of system performance is referred to as the fade margin. Typical values for receiver sensitivity fall within the range of ā90 to ā120 dBm.

Why satellite link design is done?

The link communication between satellite and the Earth Station is exposed to a lot of impairments such as noise, rain and atmospheric attenuations. The successful implementation of satellite communications need to the efficient system design to ensure robust air links for the communications signals.

#### How is C number calculated?

C/No = Pr/kT As an example, say that you performed your link calculation and determined that the carrier power received will be C=-41dBm. You also determine that the noise density of your system is No=-96dBm. Therefore, in decibels, [C/No]= -41 – [-96] = +55dBm.

How do you calculate GT?

To calculate the G/T of a receive system we need to compare the gain and system noise temperature, both referenced to the same place. In this case the Gain (G) referenced to the input to the LNB is = Antenna gain (dBi) minus Waveguide loss (dB).

How do we measure distances to satellites?

Distance to a satellite is determined by measuring how long a radio signal takes to reach us from that satellite. To make the measurement we assume that both the satellite and our receiver are generating the same pseudo-random codes at exactly the same time.

## How to calculate the small satellite link budget?

H Small Satellite Link Budget Calculation 11/46 Critical points in a Satellite Link Received power Noise Signal to noise ratio Conclusions Friis formula Antennas Polarization Propagation Polarization

What are the different types of link budget calculations?

Link budget calculations. There are two types of link budget calculations since there are two links namely, uplink and downlink. It is the process in which earth is transmitting the signal to the satellite and satellite is receiving it.

How to calculate the sensitivity of a satellite link?

Receiver sensitivity Interference 5 Conclusions Small Satellite Link Budget Calculation 3/46 Critical points in a Satellite Link Received power Noise Signal to noise ratio Conclusions Critical points in a Satellite Link

### How is the distance of a small satellite calculated?

With a low-orbit satellite with elliptical orbit, the distance must be calculated using the worst case, that means when the satellite is with the lowest elevation angle and in the direction of the major axis of the ellipse Small Satellite Link Budget Calculation