Has anyone been prosecuted for FGM in the UK?
First prosecutions As of 2015 there have been no convictions in the UK for performing or arranging FGM. By contrast, in France over 100 parents and two practitioners had been prosecuted by 2014 in over 40 criminal cases. Both men were found not guilty on 4 February 2015.
Who legally Reports FGM?
A mandatory reporting duty for FGM requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wales to report known cases of FGM in under 18-year-olds to the police. The FGM duty came into force on 31 October 2015.
When was the first case of the FGM?
Some researchers have traced the practice to Egypt in the fifth-century BC and argue that the geographical distribution of FGM suggests that it originated on the west coast of the Red Sea. Egyptian mummies show women infibulated and this is supported by a Greek papyrus in the British Museum dated 163 BC.
What is the sentence for FGM?
It replaced the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985, extending the ban on female genital mutilation to address the practice of taking girls abroad to undergo FGM procedures, and increased the maximum penalty from 5 to 14 years’ imprisonment.
Is FGM illegal in Scotland?
The law on FGM The Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 made it a criminal offence to have female genital mutilation carried out in Scotland or abroad, and increased the maximum penalty from five to 14 years imprisonment.
Should FGM be reported to the police?
If you are concerned that a girl may be at risk of FGM, you should follow local safeguarding procedures. Where there is a risk to life or likelihood of serious immediate harm, professionals should report the case immediately to police, including dialling 999 if appropriate.
What is FGM in safeguarding?
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organisation as: ‘all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons’. FGM is considered child abuse in the UK and it is illegal to perform.
Why is FGM not reported?
The key stated reason by participants for not reporting their experience of FGM to the UK authorities was because the incident happened many years ago in their childhood and in another country: Interviewer: Was the police involved?
What type of FGM is most severe?
Type III is the most severe type of FGM, known as infibulation, which involves the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a seal that is formed by cutting and then stitching the labia minora and/or the labia majora with or without excision of the clitoris.
Who was the first person to be convicted of FGM in the UK?
The mother cried in the dock as she was found guilty at the Old Bailey. Photograph: JoeDunckley/Getty Images The mother of a three-year-old girl has become the first person to be found guilty of female genital mutilation (FGM) in the UK in a landmark case welcomed by campaigners.
Who was the prosecutor for the three year old FGM case?
Lynette Woodrow, of the Crown Prosecution Service, said: “We can only imagine how much pain this vulnerable young girl suffered and how terrified she was. A three-year-old has no power to resist or fight back.
Why is the FGM law failing in the UK?
Voluntary guidelines have failed. Mandatory training is required to recognise risk. But the UK must also seriously consider a mandatory reporting (and data recording) requirement for professionals working in regulated activities (health, education, social services).
Why was mother jailed for 11 years for FGM?
Mother jailed for 11 years in first British FGM conviction. The judge at the Old Bailey said it was not known why the woman inflicted FGM on her child, although witchcraft was a possibility. A mother has been jailed for 11 years after becoming the first person in Britain to be convicted of female genital mutilation (FGM) in a landmark case.